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Windows server Interview Questions - Part 1

1)      Explain in windows DNS server what is Primary, Secondary and Stub zone?
In windows DNS server,
  • Primary Zone: In this, the file is saved as normal text file with filename (.dns).
  • Secondary Zone: It maintains a read-only copy of zone database on another DNS server.  Also, it acts as a back-up server to the primary server by providing fault tolerance and load balancing
  • Stub Zone: It consists of a copy of name server and SOA records which is used for reducing the DNS search orders.
2)      Mention how many types of queries DNS does?
The types of queries DNS does are
  • Iterative Query
  • Recursive Query
3)   Explain what is RAID in Windows Server?
For storing same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase the storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter

4)   To check TCP/IP configurations and IP connectivity, what are the two command line utilities that can be used?
Ipconfig: To check the computer’s IP configuration, command ipconfig can be used and also it can be used to renew the client’s IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.
Ping: To check the connection between the local computer and any of the other computer device on the network Ping command is used

5)   Explain what is the major difference between NTFS ( New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) on a local server?
For local users FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provides security, while NTFS ( New Technology File System) provides security for domain users as well as local users.  NTFS provides file level security which is not possible through FAT32.

See part 2 here:

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