1) Explain in windows DNS server what is Primary, Secondary and Stub zone?
In windows DNS server,
- Primary Zone: In this, the file is saved as normal text file with filename (.dns).
- Secondary Zone: It maintains a read-only copy of zone database on another DNS server. Also, it acts as a back-up server to the primary server by providing fault tolerance and load balancing
- Stub Zone: It consists of a copy of name server and SOA records which is used for reducing the DNS search orders.
The types of queries DNS does are
- Iterative Query
- Recursive Query
For storing same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase the storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter
4) To check TCP/IP configurations and IP connectivity, what are the two command line utilities that can be used?
Ipconfig: To check the computer’s IP configuration, command ipconfig can be used and also it can be used to renew the client’s IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.
Ping: To check the connection between the local computer and any of the other computer device on the network Ping command is used
5) Explain what is the major difference between NTFS ( New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) on a local server?
For local users FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provides security, while NTFS ( New Technology File System) provides security for domain users as well as local users. NTFS provides file level security which is not possible through FAT32.